Looking at successful programmers, many modern children wish to be like them. Financial prosperity, the possibility of professional growth, interesting projects – all these childhood dreams can become a reality in adult life if you start learning programming at a young age. But where to start the fascinating path of knowledge? What direction to choose as a priority for training?
Interestingly, there is no single answer to this question. If you ask ten programmers of different profiles what direction you would advise a beginner to study, each of them will answer differently. Someone will convince you that only low-level languages ​​allow you to deeply master IT technologies. Other programmers will recommend choosing a language with a simplified syntax first. The choice depends on what the child would like to do in the future: develop mobile applications, create computer games, websites, or work in the field of artificial intellig

To create websites

To develop Internet sites, you need to learn several languages ​​at once: CSS, HTML and JavaScript. The first of them are used for layout of virtual pages, and JavaScript – for media elements (buttons, players, automatic scripts), with the help of which the site “comes to life”.

For mobile applications

The choice of programming language is determined by the platform where the application will run. To develop Android products, you should learn Java. For iPhone and iPad applications are created using Swift and Objective-C. It is curious that Swift appeared relatively recently and especially for those who want to master it, Apple specialists have created a program for learning in a playful way – easy and interesting.

Languages ​​with wide application

First of all, Python is one of them. It is with its use that programs are written for modern, large-scale and multifunctional web resources, robotic systems are designed. Python has:

  • simple syntax and clear structure;
  • he is extremely easy to understand;
  • suitable for children as one of the first languages ​​to learn.

At the It Future Children’s Programming School, Python classes are built on the basis of a game loved by children – Minecraft. In the familiar, creative “Cubic Universe”, the guys master Python, create large-scale structures, look for treasures, build cities, comprehend the endless possibilities of Minecraft, which are inaccessible to ordinary users.
You can also start learning to program with JavaScript. It is he who is used in their work by more than 70% of web developers and IT specialists. JavaScript is distinguished by its flexible structure and extensive areas of application. It is suitable for writing software scripts, sites of various levels of complexity, computer games and mobile applications. In a word, it is a universal remedy. 
Whatever programming language your young computer lover chooses to learn first, he will definitely want to learn others. Computer technologies are interesting in that they are actively developing and are constantly in need of specialists who own modern, or better, several programming tools.

A child with a phone, tablet or computer is a much more common and familiar “picture” than a child with a book. But if this book is about how to create computer games, how to develop websites and become a real IT specialist, then it will be able to interest even the most avid young gamer. The authors of the publications immerse children in the world of computer technology, explain complex terms and topics in an accessible language. The child does not have time to look back, as page after page, the book turns out to be read, and the skills are learned, and they would rather be put into practice. What children’s programming tutorials are the most interesting, effective and popular? Sharing a selection…

1. Artem and Denis Golikovs – “Programming on Scratch” – 2 parts

An entertaining and fascinating book-textbook with a large amount of theoretical material, which is presented in an understandable and interesting way. The authors share the secrets of creating projects in the Scratch visual environment, explaining each script in detail. Following the instructions, the young programmer will be able to independently:

  • install Scratch on your computer;
  • master the visual language and graphic editor;
  • write your first programs;
  • create cartoons and games.

The book also provides detailed explanations of the terms. The guys will learn what cycles, algorithms, lists and other concepts are. Many projects from the book on the basics of Scratch are used in the children’s online school of programming it future.

2. D. Weil and M. O’Hanlon – Minecraft. Program your world”

“Cubic Universe” Minecraft is not only a game loved by many children, but also a tool to learn programming easily and with pleasure. This principle was taken as a basis by the authors of the book, who, like modern children, are fond of computer games. The textbook will teach children the basics of the Python programming language. By following the step-by-step instructions, the child can easily:

  • build a virtual palace and a giant clock;
  • create a copier;
  • build fantastic structures.

The skills covered in this book will help the young gamer discover completely new features of the Minecraft game that are not available to ordinary users. In the world of Minecraft – everything is possible, the main thing is to have a textbook at hand and not be distracted.

3. K. Vorderman, J. Woodcock, S. Macamanus “Programming for children. Scratch and Python Language Guide»

Niga is a real treasure trove of knowledge for future programmers. While reading it, children get acquainted with the structure of a computer, learn the basics of the two most popular languages: Scratch and Python, and learn to program using them. The textbook attracts with bright, interesting illustrations. They help to learn the principles of creating cartoon applications and simple computer games more easily, turning learning into an exciting process. The book contains many ready-made projects that guys can take as a basis for their first independent web development. Programming scripts are presented in the textbook in English, without translation. But this is done specifically so that children begin learning the terms of programming in English.
The publications are available electronically and can also be ordered online. It is very pleasant that even in our world of prosperity of computer technologies, the book remains the best source of knowledge and the best gift. Let access to new knowledge support in your young programmer the desire to further master IT technologies, which, undoubtedly, are the future!

Logical thinking is an invaluable and, perhaps, the most necessary skill for a programmer: for both experienced and beginner. It is thanks to well-developed logic that an IT specialist manages to identify patterns, track them and set them on his own. Logical thinking also helps the programmer to create non-standard solutions to the tasks set, to cope with complex tasks and helps to maintain the “fire of creativity”. Computer games are great for developing logic – these are exciting mini-workouts for the brain that allow you to distract yourself from current tasks and help you “reboot” well. What games are designed to develop logic?

Online puzzle «Earned!»

This game is incredibly popular with the European audience. The essence of the puzzle is that the user needs to perform the last, final action in order for the experiment to succeed. To solve the problem, a person can use only the objects available to him. The puzzle captivates children and adults from the first “click”, and after each successfully completed stage, the players involuntarily burst out “Earned!”. Try it too!


The game is incendiary, in the truest sense of the word. In the process of passing levels, the user needs to light all the tiles of the field. This can be done by compiling the right commands and algorithms. Lightbot is optimally suited for children who are just starting to get acquainted with the world of programming. The puzzle perfectly develops children’s logic and spatial thinking. 


The name of this program speaks for itself. Its main characters are colored blocks, similar to those that a child uses in Scratch, learning this language at the it future programming school. Blockly has several difficulty levels and several modes. Using blocks, the kid gets acquainted with the basic concepts of programming: he learns what conditions and cycles are. Adults can also play Blockley – from the first minutes the game captures attention.


CodeCombat is, rather, a full-fledged course on the basics of programming. The authors offer users a choice of which programming language they would like to master: Python or JavaScript. Learning takes place in a fun way. Codes are used in the role of spells that must be correctly created and written in order to perform a certain action. And these actions are really interesting:

  • seizure of foreign territories;
  • victory over enemies;
  • creation of new types of weapons;
  • “pumping” of heroes.

Game levels are built according to the principle – from simple to complex. Future CodeCombat programmers will definitely like it.


Playing Monkey Code is fun and interesting. The main character is a funny and agile monkey whose task is to collect his favorite delicacy – bananas. By performing these simple steps, the user learns the basics of the language – CoffeeScript. The CodeMonkey adventure game is a great option for guys who are just starting to program.

Human Recources Machine

Ry this development is positioning it as a “programming simulator”. The essence of the game is that the user will constantly have tasks in the form of instructions from the management. And in order to fulfill them, it will be necessary to create algorithms. Playing Human Resources Machine is interesting and exciting. The game has colorful graphics, funny characters, a lot of funny situations, jokes and humor. The puzzle has several levels, the last of which are difficult to overcome even for experienced programmers.
Computer games for the development of logic are useful not only for future IT specialists. They help children to be successful in school as well. Puzzles teach children to look wider and deeper, come up with new solutions to problems and not get hung up on one thing. Such skills, of course, are useful for the future, because life regularly sets many tasks for each of us.

No matter how complex programming languages are, they are based on the same simple elements. Components in the form of concepts are combined according to the pyramid principle, and as a result, the programmer creates the desired product: website, application, program. To master the basic concepts in programming, you do not need to be good at mathematics or master computer commands. By reviewing the basic concepts of programming, you will be able to explain them to children. What are the main elements?


The simplest component of any programming language is a variable. This concept refers to an object containing certain data. Variables have qualities: they have names, they come in several forms, including dynamic ones, they have a place to store and a period of validity. It is from the variables that computer programs of any complexity are formed.


Variables are endowed with functions, which are ready-made modules with a specific option. Interestingly, functions can be endowed not only with variables, but also with other program elements. It is noteworthy that functions are ready-made solutions, and programmers do not need to figure out how they work. In other words, when solving a certain problem, the specialist simply selects the desired function – this greatly simplifies the programming process, allows you to implement the necessary actions into the program.

Conditional constructs

In programming, the concept of “conditional construction” can be compared to reasoning. For example, when developing a program for taking readings of electric meters, you need to put the algorithm for transferring readings to a certain number. In this case, the conditional structure would be:

  • check the current date on the calendar;
  • if today the date is the 15th, then you need to send a message about taking meter readings;
  • if not, go back to the first step.

We have given an example of a simple program. In reality, conditional constructions are much more complex and “spreading”, numbering several dozen options for the development of events. Interestingly, if one of the options is not provided, then the program will stop its work and crash.   


The concept of “cycles” underlies the ability of computer systems to process an enormous number of operations per second. The specialist puts a task in front of the computer, “looping” it until he gets the desired result. Attending courses at the it future programming school, teachers explain the concept of a cycle with a simple example. Analyzing this topic, an analogy is drawn with cleaning the room. The solution in the form of a cycle in this case is written as follows:

  • while there are textbooks on the table, put them on the shelf:
  • otherwise, go to the closet.

The example shows that until the cycle is completed (until the robot removes all the textbooks from the table), it will not proceed to cleaning the bed.

Structures and data types

Variables can be not only names, but also various classes of numbers, symbols, and character sets. To make it easy to handle variables of different types, programmers combine them into specific structures. They can be compared to structures with ordered data. Developers have many ways to structure information based on the tasks at hand.
At first glance, the basic concepts of programming may seem complicated and even intimidating. But, gradually getting acquainted with them and applying them in practice, a novice programmer begins to comprehend the essence of each of these concepts. Just as the longest path starts with the first step, so the most complex program consists of the simplest elements and concepts!

A programmer is a promising, interesting and multifaceted profession. Having immersed in the field of IT technologies, a specialist can discover different facets of talents: logical thinking, creativity, multitasking. The image of specialists also adds to the popularity of the profession. A stylish professional, dressed in accordance with fashion trends, with a modern gadget in his hands, receiving a high salary – this image is incredibly attractive. But behind the alluring picture lies painstaking work, improving skills in the field of IT technologies and the desire to conquer sometimes unattainable heights.
A programmer is a specialist engineer who writes programs by turning tasks and actions into program computer code. Following the written programs, an electronic device (computer, laptop, smartphone) performs the tasks and creates the required web product: a computer game, a phone application, a website, or something else. What are programmers? What categories do they belong to? And what activities does each of the specialties involve?

Website developer

This is the most promising and popular direction for beginners who are taking their first, but already confident steps in programming. To create websites, easy-to-understand and use languages ​​​​are used: JavaScript, HTML and CSS. They are much lighter than Python, but they allow you to implement interesting ideas. Success in website development, as in any field of activity, comes with practice. First, young engineers create web resources for personal use and friends, complete school assignments, and then they can try freelancing, doing their favorite work for good pay.

Computer game creator

Professional computer game programming is perhaps the most attractive direction for gamers who want to combine their passion and the ability to create their own games. You can start this exciting journey from primary school age. In computer courses for children, the basics of computer animation are taught using the visual programming language – Scratch. Older kids create game characters and develop stories using Java and other more complex programming languages ​​for the gaming industry. Game creators can successfully build a career in game companies, work as freelancers, and fulfill orders on a commercial basis.

Software developer

Software Creator is one of the most serious qualifications of specialists in the field of information technology. It requires long-term training, extensive practical experience and a desire to constantly develop in the chosen direction. Skillfully using the program code, these professionals introduce the required programs into the computer to solve the tasks:

  • develop functions of operating systems for gadgets;
  • improve device firmware;
  • engaged in the creation of analytical products.

   For these purposes, a popular programming language, Python, is used. It is characterized by a relatively simple syntax, flexibility, ease of use, allows you to implement complex ideas and get worthy software products that are in demand among users. It is on it that Instagram, Pinterest and other popular web resources in the world are written.

Mobile App Creator

This direction in programming has been actively developing over the past 10 years. Interestingly, you don’t need any fantastic knowledge to start a career as a web developer of mobile applications. It is enough to master the basic programming languages ​​for Android and iOS, gaining practical experience. Mobile developers create applications for supermarkets, courier services, banking institutions, pharmacy chains. It is not uncommon for professionals to work remotely and have flexible schedules.
How to choose a path in the field of IT-technologies? First you need to decide what attracts you more: the development of computer games, the creation of websites, applications, or a more serious direction – working with software. Of course, for all areas of programming, basic knowledge is needed, and they can and should be acquired already in childhood. The It Future Programming School not only prepares future professionals in the IT field, but also inspires children not to be afraid to go forward, set high goals, achieve them and enjoy success in the circle of like-minded people and mentors!

Minecraft is a special computer game: both for experienced, adult gamers and for children – novice computer entertainment lovers. Behind the usual name of this game, which in English means “mining craft”, the whole universe is hidden. But not ordinary, but cubic, where the simplest design element is a cube, from which you can build a wide variety of objects, structures and objects. In the cubic world, you can explore caves where treasures are hidden, fight zombies, go to the server and make traps.

Created on November 18, 2011, Minecraft is celebrating its 10th anniversary this year. But, as in the beginning of its creation, it still captivates millions of gamers around the world. There is no aggression and cruelty in Minecraft. Here, each player acts as the creator of his own world, which is so interesting to explore, transform and improve … And such endless possibilities open up thanks to the hard work of the programmers who created this amazing product. What language was used to develop Minecraft and why is this game interesting for guys who do programming?

C++ or Java Edition?

At first, Java was used to create Minecraft. The popularity of this computer game arouses interest in professional programming among many fans of IT entertainment. With the use of Java, a large number of mods and plugins have been created that have made the game a truly exciting adventure. But in 2017, the developers decided to write a version of Minecraft in C++. There were reasons for this:

  1. Java is not designed to bring all versions of the game together, and users couldn’t play their favorite toy on iOS.
  2. Thanks to the use of the C ++ language, programmers managed to achieve the cross-platform nature of this beloved IT product.
  3. There are currently two versions of Minecraft available: a basic version written in C++ and an additional version written using the Java Edition.

Based on your favorite computer game, many courses on children’s programming have been created. Being in an exciting game environment, the child learns to program: develop interesting scenarios, create characters, experiment with locations, write their own mods.
The It future programming school uses the Scratch computer program in Russian, which is based on working with blocks of different shapes and colors. Playful learning inspires the child to be creative, familiar with basic programming algorithms and learn more.

Why we switched to online classes at 8 years old

Most often, online schools for children start as regular courses. And it doesn’t matter – learning to program, foreign languages or cross-stitching, the format is almost always the same – group classes. However, today’s realities dictate their own rules and modern schools are no longer those classes with a dozen noisy students who interfere with each other. There are too many disadvantages in the old format of teaching children to program, so it is being abandoned in favor of online lessons.

Why are online courses in programming and development of games and applications many times more effective?

learning to program: cons of offline school

  • Low quality of education. If there are 5-6 students in the class, and everyone needs to explain the theory and show new material in practice, will there be a result from such “study”? Hardly! Teachers had to spend a lot of time setting up children for work.
  • Lack of an individual approach. All children are different, each with their own character, abilities, level of training. For some, everything is easy, others need to think longer, so it is impossible to give everyone the same tasks. Someone will not be in time, that is, slow down the entire group. And this affects the quality of assimilation of the material.
  • The imaginary benefits of teamwork. For socialization, teamwork is good, but if you want your child to seriously learn programming, he does not need company. In order to master coding and programming languages, a child needs only a computer and a mentor.

What are the benefits of online programming lessons

  • Lessons are one-on-one with the teacher. The child is engaged in his own, comfortable pace for him, no one is distracted.
  • All classes are supervised by the teacher. He sees the student’s screen, checks homework, prompts when it is needed, and helps him if necessary.
  • The most comfortable lessons for the child. Learning to program online takes place at home, in a familiar environment. The student communicates freely with the teacher.
  • For parents, this format is also the most convenient. No need to waste time and take the child to school, but you can sit next to and watch the lesson.
  • The freedom of action. You can study from anywhere in the world – from Ukraine, Belarus, Russia. You can end and resume classes at any time.
  • The benefits are immediately noticeable. School performance improves, logical thinking, mathematical abilities develop. And, of course, children get acquainted with programming and get a powerful motivation to master a highly paid profession – a programmer.

Sign up for our free trial lesson so that your child can try the online learning format and choose the program that suits him

Programming for teenagers: when to start

For many parents, it becomes a real discovery that modern children at 11-12 can do full-fledged IT projects, and teenagers at 14-16 are already making money on creating websites and applications.

Today you can become a programmer at any age. The number of years does not affect the ability to program in any way, but the sooner you start, the easier it will be to learn a new profession. Therefore, teaching programming to children most often begins at the age of 7-8 – there is no lower bar for a “suitable” age.

When isn’t it too early?

You can become a good programmer at the age of 14-16 if you start coding at the age of seven. Moreover, today this is not a problem – there are a lot of online programming courses for children from scratch. It all starts with simple games and learning languages, and the result is young programmers with a good application for future employment.

Already at the age of 15-16, teenagers can find their first programming job. Yes, this is not a place on the staff of the company, but it is an opportunity to earn some good money on freelancing. To get a job officially, you need at least a certificate and a document on the completion of programming courses. Freelancers-teens can take orders on appwork, FL.ru, kwork, Weblancer or other exchanges. This is a good experience that will come in handy in your future IT career.

At what age can you start learning?

Individual programming training programs at the IT Future School are good because it is never too early and never too late to learn here. Lessons are taught at a pace that suits the student. However, there are some points to consider –

  • The sooner the training begins, the more programming languages, platforms and technologies the student will try.
  • The main thing is not to beat off the hunt and stay motivated. If a child has a desire to code at 8 or 16 years old – do not ignore it, start learning.
  • Online programming courses at IT Future School are designed to make it as interesting and comfortable for children to learn complex processes and programming languages.

What languages should I start learning programming with?

Eight-year-olds begin their acquaintance with the world of programming in scratch courses for children. Older teenagers can safely take on the study of more complex languages such as Python or JavaScript.

The most popular are:

  • Stably does not leave the top three most popular programming languages. One of the top three in terms of wages among programmers.
  • Programs for robots and applications are written on it. One of the most popular among Western employers.
  • An ideal choice as a first language. It is easy to learn and breaks records for the number of vacancies in Russia.
  • HTML and CSS. If it is interesting to fill sites and edit content, then you can safely master these languages.

Sign up your child for a free trial lesson at IT Future School to understand which language and learning program is closer to him.

Teaching children programming: why is it necessary?

Many parents ask themselves the question – why pay for it courses for children and teach them programming from early childhood?

A strange question, given the fact that the profession of a programmer today is one of the most sought after and the demand for cool specialists in IT is growing steadily. Is it really better to become a lawyer-economist-manager, pay for expensive education for 4-5 years, and then look for a job with a vague career prospects for years?

Parents who want to ensure a prosperous future and broad prospects for their children start learning programming as early as possible (from the age of 8). As a result, by the age of 15-17, children at least decide on their future profession, and at the maximum, earn their first fees for creating websites and games.

Why teaching children to code is a necessity in the 21st century

Today, programmers are one of the most hyped professions. Companies like Google, Yandex, Mail.ru and many others are hunting for cool specialists.

Mark Zuckerberg believes that in 5-10 years, basic coding skills will become as common as knowing English. But even if parents do not see the future for their children in IT, programming training will help:

  • develop logical thinking;
  • improve school performance in mathematics;
  • learn new computer skills;
  • arouse interest in the profession of the future, which is always in demand.

2020 has become a turning point in the field of high technologies. The pandemic has forced humanity not only to put on masks, but also to go remote. Programmers began to work and earn more, and the desire to master programming became total. Against the backdrop of such a boom, the demand for online programming courses for children has grown, and according to the most pessimistic forecasts, the number of becoming programmers and developers will double in 2021.

The Benefits of Teaching Children to Program

  • The sooner you start, the better. Online training programs are calculated individually for each student.
  • 80% of the lesson is practice. Training takes place in a playful way, under the guidance of experienced teachers.
  • You don’t have to force your child to do it. The learning process is exciting, not boring and much more effective than a school computer science lesson.
  • Classes are held tete-a-tete, with a convenient schedule and pace of learning. You can do it once a week, which is not burdensome for the budget.

Programming courses – a confident start in the profession of a programmer, the opportunity to learn to think logically, create cartoons, websites, applications and games. And at the same time, the child will receive from study not only benefit, but also pleasure.

   How is the training

  1. Classes are held online. You need a PC/laptop, Skype for chatting and Team Viewer so that the teacher can connect to the student’s PC.
  2. At a certain time, the child contacts the teacher via Skype, after which he connects to the student’s PC to see what is happening on the screen.
  3. For 60 minutes of the lesson, the teacher checks the homework, explains the new material, and then practice.
  4. The student is not distracted by other children and works at his own pace. And after each lesson, he gets the result – a finished game or project that can be shown to friends and parents.

Sign up your child for a free lesson at IT Future School so that they can try and create their first IT project!

How and when to teach a child to program?

Many modern parents sooner or later begin to worry about the question – where to start teaching children programming? Indeed, today it is not only an opportunity to develop logical thinking and improve academic performance, but also the chances of finding a promising job with a programmer salary in the near future.

Specialists from the IT Future School online school tell how to teach a child programming so as not to “kill” motivation from the very beginning and get the desired result.

Choose a language that the child will understand

Programming courses for children from scratch are compiled taking into account the age of the students and their desires. Modern children dream of creating games, building their own worlds, creating applications and smart robots. Depending on the goals set, the programming language is selected.

  • ✓ Children from the age of 8 most often start learning in Scratch, a programming environment that was created specifically for children. Here you can make interactive stories, games, drawings, animation.
  • ✓ At 11-12 years old, you can safely start mastering the most popular programming languages ​​Python and JavaScript. They are simple and versatile, easy enough to learn and ideal for the first steps in coding.
  • ✓ The main motivation for children to learn programming in childhood is to learn how to create 3D games and applications, master website building and make money on web development. Therefore, at the age of 13-15, you can safely choose HTML and CSS courses, learn Java, computer animation, Photoshop, 3D modeling, computer game programming.

Finding a Mentor

It is not realistic to powerfully motivate a child and hope for his consciousness and the fact that he himself will regularly study – it is not real! Come to terms with the fact that an experienced mentor should teach your child to program. The online school gives students the most important thing – a well-thought-out educational program from A to Z and mentoring support.

During the training, children constantly have questions, and it is sometimes difficult even for adult students to find errors in the code on their own. Therefore, a teacher is indispensable here. It will not only set the desired vector and pace of learning, but will also fuel the motivation of children to learn programming in childhood.

First steps

The first step is choosing the right training program. Some children like to program 3D games on the KODU GAME LAB constructor, others will be interested in working with the Minecraft programming language, others prefer creating games on the ROBLOX platform. The cost of education is approximately the same, but the effect will be better if the child decides on the program himself.

Everything can and should be tried. Moreover, the online school makes it possible to register for a free lesson, and you can take it from anywhere in Russia, Ukraine, Belarus.

The right game approach to learning

Teaching programming to children of 10 years old should take place in a playful way, exciting and varied. But this does not mean that the guys are exclusively engaged in games and entertainment.

Classes are conducted on a computer, so 85% of the lessons are practice. The work is built on the principle of “From simple to complex” – first the child masters the basics, and then moves on to more difficult tasks.

Instead of conclusions

Why teach a child to program? Then, to develop logical and creative thinking, to form problem-solving skills, to teach how to study correctly. And just so that your child enjoys the learning process.