Teaching programming to children and adults differs in that it is based on a completely different approach. For young students, the process of mastering the basics of programming is a game: colorful, interesting and exciting. To make the training exactly like this, a visual language is used, where various ready-made graphic blocks act as elements, and not a complex syntax, like in more serious programming tools.
When a child learns to program, the goal of this process is not to write complex, serious programs. But as a result of mastering visual languages, a young programmer gets an idea about the process of creating programs and about the basic concepts of this process. Learning in this format does not bother and is never boring. What visual languages ​​are used to teach children the basics of IT technologies?


The Scratch visual environment is suitable for learning programming and mathematics. Colored blocks, reminiscent of Lego elements for young programmers, allow children to understand the basics of programming in a convenient and easy way. At the it future programming school, children use Scratch to create simple games and visualization of objects. Today Scratch has several versions.


The Alice web development language was created almost 25 years ago – in 1998, and its last update was released recently – in 2013. But it is still used by beginners, young programmers, and experienced professionals. The principle of the environment is the presence of ready-made blocks designed for the development of simple programs. The Alice tool is ideal for kids who are already familiar with basic programming concepts.

Google Blockly

The name of the product Google Blockly says two things: that it was created by Google Corporation and that blocks are the main element of the language. Google Blockley appeared in 2012. This visual environment provides an online “cloud storage” where applications created by programmers are downloaded and can be freely used. It is noteworthy that the language has a Russian version.

App Inventor

App Inventor is also one of the visually oriented environments created by Google. The tool allows you to develop applications on Android. In teaching, this language is not used as often as, for example, Scratch. But it helps young computer users gain a basic knowledge of programming without delving into the complex concepts of codes, variables, and syntax. 


Without the use of code, the eToys software product also functions. He was born 25 years ago – in 1996. The program allows you to create simple animation and develop applications using ready-made block elements. Many experienced programmers are sure that it was eToys that became the foundation for the emergence and development of Scratch.


The name of the Snap! means “click”, confirming the idea that using this language it is possible to create programs “at the click of a finger”. Snap! was developed as a visual continuation of Scratch. The product has an intuitive interface. The display is divided into three parts with different sets of options, which allows you to create simple computer games and make animations.


The KTurtle language is one of the most loved by children. The main character of the program is a cheerful and inquisitive turtle. This environment, like other visual products, has a set of commands and ready-made elements. With their help, you can control not only the virtual turtle, but also other objects.
In the system of visual languages, there is no concept of syntax, so they were created specifically for children. Mastering any of the selected products, the guys learn the basics of programming in simple and understandable ways – on colored blocks and with colorful characters. Perceiving learning as a fun and exciting game, children will learn more complex languages ​​in the future with the same inspiration and passion!

How to develop logical thinking in a child

It is necessary to develop logical thinking, attention and memory of the child from an early age. The sooner you start, the easier it will be for him to solve everyday and school problems. The IT Future School programming school tells how to develop logical thinking in children from 5 years old and how programming develops the thinking and personality of a child.

So, what games that develop logical thinking must be practiced with a child so that he does not have problems with logic. Here are the most effective techniques:

Search for common

We develop logical thinking for a child of 6-8 years old using a simple but very useful game:

  • Suggest two words that are not related. For example, a boat and a mug, puzzles and a nesting doll, a felt-tip pen and charcoal, etc.
  • Let the child find as many common signs as possible in 5-10 minutes, and then discuss the results. There can be both standard answers and unusual ones. Moreover, the latter are valued much higher and allow you to see the proposed words in a new light.

This simple game helps to find connections between objects, as well as to clearly understand what are essential and non-essential features.

Event and aftermath

Deduction games help develop logical thinking in a child of 8 years old. Deduction is pure logic. Here are simple examples of playing for an event and consequences:

  • Deductive method: Spring has come, so the trees have blossomed outside.
  • Inductive method: Trees bloomed on the street, which means spring has come.

Special programming courses for children help not only to learn new skills in the field of IT, but also develop logical thinking with the help of such games and tasks.

Development of logic and mathematics

Logic and math games help develop algorithmic thinking for programming. You can play strategy games, practice online tests, learn the Scratch language for kids.

In general, algorithmic thinking, which develops through mathematical games and programming classes, helps to:

  • master new knowledge and school subjects;
  • break down common tasks into subtasks;
  • search, analyze and assimilate information;
  • Understand sequential and parallel actions.

How does it improve thinking?

Parents often ask themselves the question – what does programming develop and why send their child to courses for young programmers? In addition to the fact that children learn to write programs / applications / games / websites on their own, work with computer graphics and create animation, programming:

  • develops the ability to solve mathematical and logical problems well;
  • helps to train thinking and improve brain health;
  • teaches you to find new approaches and non-standard solutions to complex problems.

If a child has developed logical thinking, he learns easier, learns new material faster, makes the right decisions about his future and career.

It is difficult to imagine a more attractive area for a future career than IT. Comfortable working conditions, high wages and continuous growth in demand for programmers make this profession one of the most promising in the foreseeable future.
Programming combines a huge number of areas of activity and directions for the development of a future specialist. To have an advantage in employment, you should start accumulating the necessary knowledge and experience as early as possible, but for this you need to decide which of them will be relevant in the near future.

Main directions in programming

In any field of activity where software is used, specialists are also needed who create, configure and modernize it. Not surprisingly, programming includes a huge number of areas, among which new independent branches are constantly appearing. We will talk about the main ones.

Web development

This area includes the development of websites and various online services:

  • online stores and online catalogs;
  • corporate websites;
  • blogs;
  • news resources, etc.

It is web development that is the most popular direction in programming, as it combines a huge demand for specialists and a relatively low entry threshold.
Web development includes two main specializations:

  1. Frontend. Responsible for the processes that run in the user’s browser. Depends on it: interface, visual style, correct display of site elements, adaptability to different types of devices, etc. Most of the work is done with HTML, CSS and JavaScript.
  2. Backend. The field of activity of backend specialists is everything that happens on the server, that is, internal algorithms that control the operation of the Internet resource. There is a wider selection of tools here. In addition to programming languages ​​such as PHP, Python, Java, JavaScript and Ruby, skills in using database management systems such as MySQL, MongoDB or Cassandra are also required.
    It is easy to learn the basics and get a job with minimal experience in this field. But in order to qualify for a salary above $300, more specific skills are needed, which include not only hard skills (direct knowledge of a programming language at the right level), but also soft skills (ability to communicate with a team, knowledge of English, etc.).

Mobile Application Development

This is a rapidly growing area, which in the near future, in terms of scale in the labor market, may well be compared with web programming. Mobile development involves the creation of various applications for smartphones and other smart gadgets on Android and iOS operating systems. It can be:

  • messengers;
  • aviators;
  • translators;
  • banking applications;
  • mobile services for online shopping and much more.

The threshold of entry, as well as the initial salary level, in the development of mobile applications is significantly higher, since a specialist has to work with much wider functionality.

Development of desktop applications

This direction includes the creation of various software, which requires installation on a computer. Photoshop, Notepad, Microsoft Office software products such as Word, Excel, and PowerPoint are all examples of desktop applications.
The growth rate of this segment has slowed down in recent years, and the active development of a direct competitor in the form of web applications played an important role in this. The latter include programs that do not require installation on a PC, but rather an Internet connection.
But still, the creation of desktop software remains a promising area for future employment, since it is impossible to completely replace it with web counterparts.


Probably everyone who plans to link their lives with programming has at least once thought about developing games. And for good reason: game development is a fairly promising area for employment with high wages. Besides, it is difficult to imagine in what other field a technical specialist can receive such an emotional return from his own creation.
Game programmers create the basic mechanics, which includes a huge range of diverse tasks, such as AI development, creation of game objects, etc.

Embedded Systems Programming

Creation of programs for working with various types of equipment:

  • microcontrollers;
  • Appliances;
  • production equipment;
  • various types of sensors, warning systems, etc.

To work in this niche, it is very important to understand not only the software, but also the hardware with which to work.

Software automation of business processes

This is the implementation and support of the correct operation at enterprises of such programs as 1C, amoCRM, Bitrix24, etc. The duties of a specialist include setting up, updating and training employees to work with the software.
Large companies highly value such specialists, as successful process automation often results in multi-million dollar revenue growth or savings. At the same time, the threshold for entry into the profession is relatively low.

Data Science

Specialists in this field provide effective work with large amounts of data: structuring, storage, processing and analytics. This may be the client base of a large retail chain or the results of scientific research.
This direction is relatively young in programming, while it has one of the highest wage rates. But the requirements for specialists are also appropriate: in addition to programming languages, the work also requires knowledge of mathematical analysis and statistics.

Internet of Things (LOT)

This is the concept of smart devices, the interaction between which takes place through a single network. Today, the Internet of things is actively used for smart home systems and industrial enterprises. In addition, many countries around the world are developing this concept to create smart cities, which will significantly improve the quality of life in them.

Rating and statistics by programming languages in 2021

The international association IEEE (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers) conducted a study where, based on data obtained from 8 independent sources such as GitHub, CareerBuilder, Hacker News, Reddit, etc., it ranked the most popular programming languages.

Место Язык программированияКоличество баллов
1Python 100
2 Java  95,4
3C    94.7
4C++    92.4
5JavaScript    88.1
6С#    82.4
7R    81.7
8Go    77.7
9HTML   75.4
10Swift    70.4

The rating is based on 11 metrics, the key of which is the frequency of mentions by users on various popular resources. The basis for it was the preferences of English-speaking users.
In Russia, things are similar. For clarity, we decided to compare with data on the frequency of search queries in Google Trends over the past 5 years.

As of the end of October 2021, Python leads by a wide margin, followed by JavaScript, C++, Java, and HTML in descending order. The rest of the IEEE TOP-10 languages are of much less interest to Russian-speaking users.

Top 5 Most Popular Programming Languages for Employers

Just a decade ago, PHP topped the rankings of the most popular programming languages, and today programmers are increasingly using JavaScript and Python for web projects.

What languages should you start your coding journey with?
We studied the market and statistics, found out the opinion of developers and the level of salaries, and now we will tell you: what programming language to learn today so that employers hunt for you tomorrow.


Java programming has replaced the popular C++ language in the 1990s and has become one of the most in-demand for business. Java is a rather cumbersome language, so it is not suitable for the cloud technology industry. But among android developers and creators of business applications, it is in high demand.
Effective Programming Java is one of the top 3 most popular languages. If we analyze the US market, then here Java is second only to Python, and takes the sixth line in terms of average salary. If you look at what programming language is in demand among Russian employers, then Java will also be in the top three – the salary of programmers is at least 100 thousand per month.


A universal language with a wide range of applications. It is used to write programs for robots, drones, applications for PCs and mobile devices. In Russia, the Python programming language is not as popular as in the West, but in this world everything is changing very quickly. And while others are mastering PHP, Assembly or VBA, Python programming for children and beginners is becoming more and more popular in Ukraine, Belarus, Russia.
According to many studies, Python is the most popular programming language at the moment. In the field of machine learning and data science, this language is #1! If we compare the average salary of US programmers, then Python will be in third place, and developers who have mastered this language need much less experience to get a high salary.


Today, up to 80% of sites use PHP, and programming for beginners in this language is a great opportunity to quickly find your first job. It is on it that the most popular CMS Joomla, WordPress are based.
Is it difficult to learn php? Not! The language is quite easy to learn, available on different operating systems, has a large amount of developments. It is increasingly being included in online school curricula and website building courses.
If you are looking for the most popular and in-demand programming languages, PHP is one of them. PHP programmers easily find work in the offices of Russian companies and freelance. Salary starts from 65 thousand per month.


Javascript programmers in Russia have the best chance of finding a job – this programming language breaks all records in terms of the number of vacancies. The salary is also very decent – even novice specialists can claim a monthly salary of 70,000 rubles and more.
Having studied the basics of Javascript syntax, you can safely proceed to site building. The complexity of javascript is low, so this is a great solution for kids who want to learn programming as early as possible. The most effective and convenient way to study is an online school with practice.


Learning HTML and CSS for kids is also a good idea if you want to get your teenager excited about programming. These are NOT programming languages, but without them it is impossible to logically build any web page. The ability to “communicate” in HTML + CSS is a must-have skill for any web professional who creates or edits content on the web. And you can master HTML + CSS already in your teens!
As you can see, web programming for children is always the right decision that will make it easier to choose a future profession and build a successful career.

Programming languages now and in the near future

Automation is gradually penetrating into all spheres of human activity, whether it be production or household tasks. Programs and robots do everything that a person does, only better, faster, and in some cases, cheaper.
The demand for physical human labor is declining, while intellectual labor is growing. In any area where software products are involved, the demand for technical specialists to ensure their performance will grow. Therefore, we can safely assume that the profession of a programmer will become one of the most promising in the near future.

Which languages are losing relevance

Assembly language

The assembler has become obsolete due to excessive complexity and large losses of time when working with it. For the sake of increased productivity, most companies have moved to higher-level languages. Today it can only be found in programming microcontrollers and embedded processors.


This language can also be considered not relevant, since over the past 5 years it has not been used in any large and successful project. Of course, specialists are still needed to maintain the correct operation of software created on Cobol, but their number is constantly decreasing. Therefore, it is definitely not worth spending energy learning this language.


For many years, the demand for Perl has been rapidly declining. This is due to the wrong vector of development chosen by its creators, who decided to abandon the expansion of functionality in favor of increasing syntactic capabilities for the convenience of the user. Do not forget about Python, which, being a direct competitor of this language, provides a much simpler structure and convenient tools.


This is an object-oriented language that was used by Apple at one time. It was the rapid growth in iPhone sales that made Objective-C fairly well-known in specialist circles. But due to many shortcomings, Apple decided to abandon this language, after which it never found its use in any field.

Which programming language to choose

The choice of language to learn in the first place should depend on what niche your child will build a career in. For example, you can’t do without JavaScript in the frontend, and besides, you can’t do without skills with HTML and CSS. As a backend specialist, the choice is much wider, but the best place to start is with a general-purpose language like Python. Since the ability to work with it will be useful not only in web development, but also in many other areas.
In any case, it is worth considering that your choice now determines the entire future fate of the child. One of the main benefits of learning to code at an early age is time. The child has the opportunity to try to explore several options and choose the one that he likes the most.

General IT trends regardless of programming languages

From the very moment of its inception, the sphere of Internet technologies has shown an annual increase in capital turnover and the number of specialists involved. But over the past few years, due to the COVID-19 pandemic, there has been a real leap in the demand for digital technologies.
More and more brands are using the Internet as the main tool for interacting with the audience, and the digital first principle is increasingly used as the basis for company development strategies. This only confirms the promise of IT for a future career.
At the same time, programmers are by far not the only highly paid specialists in this field; there are other equally attractive professions here.

Business analytics

These specialists are in high demand in companies developing client software. They help the client to form the correct requirements, and the developers to create a product that will best meet the goals of the customer.
The business analyst understands both the needs of the client and the capabilities of the development team. Therefore, it acts as a link in communication with the entrepreneur, significantly improving the quality of communication and the final result of cooperation.

IT consulting

Experts in this field help to choose the best ways for business development with the help of Internet technologies. In this profession, it is very important to understand what can be achieved using certain technologies, and therefore basic technical knowledge will come in handy.

Project management

The project manager is the person who coordinates the work of the entire technical team. He draws up a work plan, distributes tasks and monitors their implementation. Although the manager is not directly involved in the development, he is a key figure in the work on the project.
In this profession, not only organizational skills are important, but also a subtle understanding of the development process. Therefore, skills and experience in programming in this profession will be very useful.

Internet Marketing

The promotion of a software product is often as important as its creation. Specialists in Internet marketing are engaged in the promotion of developed websites and applications using online tools such as search engine optimization, SMM, contextual advertising, etc. Such professions are in great demand in the IT market, as they increase the efficiency and profitability of digital business tools.

How to make a gadget useful for a child

The benefits of gadgets for children will always be a controversial topic for parents born before the 2000s. For most fathers and mothers, smartphones and tablets remain harmful toys that spoil their eyesight and deprive the child of the main thing – live communication and active games.

And now – STOP! The world has changed, and today’s children already from the age of three own mobile phones better than their grandparents. Today, game programming for beginners is available from the age of 8, and at 14-15, some teenagers earn on a par with their parents. Increasingly, schoolchildren are interested in the topic of how to create applications and master programming languages in order to start building a successful career in IT as early as possible.

Play and learn?

Why not? Programs such as “learning by playing” for children 6 years older are in demand in Russia, Ukraine, Belarus. After all, advanced parents know how to make the hobby for gadgets bring maximum benefit and minimum harm to the child.

Here are a few options for courses that help you learn how to program games for beginners online (for children from 8 years old):
—    Programming with scratch will teach you how to create beautiful games in a simple and understandable language. Children themselves create virtual checkers, puzzles, Tetris, games like Mario.

—   Students easily master Python in online courses. It is a simple yet powerful programming language that is highly sought after by employers. Today, robots, mobile applications and programs for drones are written on it!

—   Young geniuses also cannot do without game programming skills at the Kodu Game Lab. With the help of this environment, children learn how to create three-dimensional games with fantastic characters and captivating stories. If your child is a dreamer who wants to build their own 3D worlds, then gadgets + an online coding school will be the best choice for their development.

The list of courses for the development of the child on the principle of “learning by playing” is very wide, and parents can choose any direction – taking into account the interests and abilities of their child.

Create your community

Yes, and this is also within the reach of modern children who master programming and know gadgets from A to Z. They can create their own online communities to communicate, share knowledge, and their personal projects. How to do this is described in detail in online schools, as well as on the Internet.

As you can see, children and gadgets, harm and benefit – all this can be in harmony if you approach the issue competently and teach children what not only entertains, but also develops. Programming games for kids are an easy way to involve your child in the world of complex technologies and ensure a successful future for them.

Briefly about scratch projects

Projects on scratch for young programmers are really quite complex: there are a lot of links, variables, blocks, chains. Without the help of teachers who know the specifics of scratch, it is difficult for a child to cope with the code.

The practice of online schools in Russia, Ukraine, Belarus shows that by programming their own games, teenagers learn faster, completely immersing themselves in the process. This is not only a great start for future programmers and IT professionals, but also an opportunity to captivate a child with something interesting and useful.

Here are some of the most difficult and interesting projects in scratch – watch and test!


A classic game with familiar rules but a new design. Play online, develop your logical thinking and get the most out of interesting scratch projects. By the way, in checkers there is an opportunity to beat back, go to kings, receive computer prompts.


If you are looking for more complex scratch projects, then this is just the right option. The simulator allows you to build roads, build multi-storey buildings, plant flowers and trees – in general, engage in architecture and beautification of the city.


If you are looking for scratch projects for kids that will captivate you from the very beginning, the Road mini-project is a great example. Here the cars are placed in different layers, go in opposite directions. The online school it, where they teach programming from the age of 8, often teaches on examples of projects of this kind.


It is difficult to find a child who does not like to collect bright interesting puzzles. It is also difficult to find parents who do not want their children to develop and learn what will definitely be useful in life and career. And scratch projects are a great way to get started with programming for beginners.


This is a vivid example of a scratch project with beautiful live graphics. The platformer is somewhat reminiscent of everyone’s favorite game “Mario” – here, too, the main character collects coins, runs away from the villains and goes through level after level.


If you want to see difficult projects in scratch in Russian, check out this game. Interesting graphics, beautiful picture, good dynamics. This project has everything to impress and interest children, and often adults.

You can learn how to create similar projects on our course PROGRAMMING ON SCRATCH.

Register for a free trial lesson!

Python / Minecraft programming for kids 8-16 years old – play and learn

Does the child want to play on the computer? Do not forbid him, just direct his interest in the right direction. To do this, there is a special development environment for learning programming based on Minecraft and the Python programming language. Thanks to the craving for this game, your child will learn the basics of programming, which will be useful to him in the future for building a career in the IT world.

Minecraft Learning Program

Students learn to program in the Minecraft environment in one of the most promising and popular programming languages, Python. For younger children without training, we teach Minecraft on Scratch. The incentive is the ability to increase the level of the hero in a matter of minutes.

Learning online one-on-one with a teacher, the child will develop algorithmic thinking, learn to understand the connections between the program he personally created and what is happening in the Minecraft game, write algorithms and find errors in them. By the end of the course, he is implementing several of his own projects through programming.

Apply for an online course

The teachers of our online school conduct training in a friendly environment, taking into account the skills and interests of the children, monitoring progress and giving constant feedback. Upgrade your child’s programming skills by giving them the foundation for professional growth.

Research results have shown that today’s children aged 8-10 spend on the Internet 7-14 hours a week – that is, 1-2 hours a day. They use the worldwide web for study, hobbies, games, communication and entertainment. And, of course, the attention of young Internet users is attracted by resources with interesting and professional web design. Many people think how cool it would be to create your own website!

Who is this course for?

Our course is suitable for beginners – those who want to learn how to create websites and learn how to become a web designer. The course program is aimed not only at teaching the basics of web design, but also at developing creative thinking in children. In the lessons, an experienced teacher will teach you not only to create websites, but also to see the design around you, think outside the box, structure incoming information and use it correctly

The course “Web design from scratch” consists of several modules on Figma, Adobe Illustrator and Photoshop. Each module is a separate project during which we study various elements of website design. Education involves a lot of practical tasks, so the child will be very interested.

At the end of the course, each student will have a completed design portfolio of three works: a business card site, a landing page and a multi-page site. In addition, he will develop a creative initiative and a desire to create amazing projects through web design.

Give your child the opportunity to learn a promising and in-demand profession that will allow him to earn even before graduation.

Training is individual, one-on-one with a teacher. 100% of the time only to your child.

The first lesson is free!

Online course on programming Kodu Game Lab for children from 7 years old – realize everything that is in your imagination

Your child does not yet know programming languages, but wants to create games? We have something to offer him! Kodu Game Lab is a visual programming constructor for the little ones, in which there is no need to write text. Difficulty is one level higher than Scratch. Explore the endless possibilities of the computer universe and turn your passion for games into a promising profession.

Kodu Game Lab – what is it?

This is an interactive environment and a unique Microsoft product, through which a child can independently develop a unique 3D world, realizing bright children’s fantasies in a computer game. Subsequently, you can play on the Xbox 360 and PC.

The course will give your child:

  • familiarity with the logic of programming;
  • the concept of the process of developing computer programs;
  • getting experience in visual programming on Kodu and structured thinking;
  • development of mathematical methods of working with the platform;
  • the ability to build landscapes and objects, program characters, bots, movement, animation, sound;
  • interest in programming, the desire to create even more complex games.

As a result of the online course, each student will firmly strengthen the basics of programming in Kodu and create their own computer game.

Apply for Kodu Game Lab Online Course

In the lessons of our online school, the child will receive basic knowledge of creating games in 3D in the Kodu Game Lab and prepare for the study of more complex areas of programming and modeling. Working personally with the teacher, the student gradually moves from simple to complex. This is the best option for those. who learns the basics of building computer games and wants to develop in this direction.